What Is Meningitis And How Can It Be Treated?

Very cold-like symptoms you should know about.

Most people tend to self-medicate when they start to feel some typical cold discomfort, as the drugs are easily available at any pharmacy without a prescription. However, care must be taken, as it may be another disease in which the symptoms are very similar.

I am referring to Meningitis, where the symptoms begin with a burning throat, fever and neck pain among others. Not being diagnosed in time can be fatal. World Health Organization, defines meningitis as an inflammation of the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord.

How to prevent meningitis

Wash your hands after eating, preparing food, or after using the bathroom, even when coming from the street. Also avoid sharing your toothbrush, touching infected objects, kissing, coughing or sneezing without covering your nose or mouth, since the contagion is viral or bacterial.

The virus is usually abundant in hot weather and is easily spread by infected saliva, mucus, or feces.

Who are most likely

Babies, children and especially those who have low defenses in their immune system.

Treatments and diagnosis 

Specialists recommend the use of drugs such as antibiotics administered intravenously to completely eliminate the infection, as well as maximum rest and isolation. It is usually diagnosed when people have signs such as: stiff neck, headache, fever, vomiting, nausea, confusion, and seizures.

Deadly consequences

Unfortunately when the disease is diagnosed at an advanced stage it can cause permanent or irreversible brain damage or injury, deafness or death. This virus or bacteria spreads through the bloodstream and affects the cerebrospinal fluid (fluid that circulates through the spaces in and around the brain and spinal cord), obstructing the proper passage of oxygen to the brain.

How to protect your family?

  • Control in vaccines, both in babies, children and adults
  • Healthy eating (fruits, vegetables and proteins)
  • Avoid being in crowded places
  • Ventilate the house completely
  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Covering your mouth when you sneeze or cough
  • Avoid exchanging saliva
  • Disinfect toys
  • Go to the doctor

Taking care of your health is not a game. We must be aware of promoting good hygiene and eating habits in our family. Therefore, remember to avoid self-medicating because it may be that you have a different disease than the one you think you have. Always a timely diagnosis will save your life!

 

 

 

 

 

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