Have they called you bipolar? If you have any doubts about it, this article will help you discover what bipolarity is all about and guide you to a proper diagnosis.
Being a term that has been used a lot in recent years, the concept has been distorted enough to downplay a psychiatric illness that has nothing superficial, I am talking about what people commonly know as bipolarity.
What is bipolarity?
Bipolar disorder, known clinically as bipolar affective disorder or manic-depressive psychosis, is a very common psychiatric illness. Those who suffer from it alternate depressive episodes with others of euphoria (mania). It usually becomes a chronic disease, so they require lifelong medical control.
Those who suffer it, usually go from sadness to euphoria sporadically and vice versa. Episodes can be precipitated by the effects of medication, changes in the weather, social disturbances, etc.
It is normal to feel distressed by the loss of a job or the death of a loved one and happy for the achievement of a goal, for love or any other event in the normal life of a human being; However, it is known that it is something abnormal when it exceeds the time of permanence in a specific state, be it joy or sadness and it is here when they become pathological and medical help must be sought.
Who does it affect?
According to the Webconsultas portal, it affects women and men equally. Most often, the disease manifests itself for the first time between the ages of 10 and 24, and a higher incidence of affective disorders has been observed among separated and divorced people, as well as in those with a higher socioeconomic level.
There are multiple causes. It is believed that it can be hereditary, although the genetic defect that could cause it has not been identified. The causes of affective disorders are unknown, although they are linked to a set of neurobiological, psychosocial and even environmental factors. Some of them are:
Change in seasons
depressive relapses in spring / fall and manic relapses in summer. That is why it is related to the weather and the hours of sunlight.
50 percent of people who have it have a first-degree relative with some type of serious psychiatric disorder.
in brain neurotransmitters.
Life events that cause stress
They are generally negative life situations such as the breakdown of a relationship, or change in the work situation, anything that negatively alters the person’s life will make them more susceptible to bipolarity.
How to know if you are BIPOLAR
The website of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIH) exposes the following regarding the signs that must be taken into account to determine that someone suffers from bipolarity. Says the following:
Bipolar mood swings are called “mood episodes.” As mentioned before, people often have manic or depressive and ‘mixed’ episodes. A mixed episode includes both manic and depressive symptoms.
These mood episodes cause symptoms that last for a week or two and even longer. During an episode, symptoms occur every day for most of the day.
The mood episodes are intense, emotions are strong and happen along with extreme changes in behavior and energy levels.
Those who have a manic episode can:
Feeling very “happy” or “upbeat”
Feeling very “nervous” or “upset / anxious. They talk very fast about many different things
They are often restless, irritated, or “sensitive”
Have trouble relaxing or sleeping
They believe they can do many things at the same time and be more active than usual
They do risky things, like spending a lot of money or having careless sex
Those who have a depressive episode can:
Feeling very “depressed” or sad
Feeling worried and empty
Have trouble concentrating
They forget a lot about things
They lose interest in fun activities and become less active
They feel tired or without energy
Have difficulty sleeping
They think about death or suicide
A self-diagnosis of a mental illness is less than impossible; However, if you have experienced these types of episodes described above and in one way or another they fit with serious changes in your “way of being”, it is necessary that you go to a psychiatrist for a timely diagnosis and start a treatment that helps you to have control of your life again.