Our job as a mother is to stimulate the baby properly so that it can enhance its motor and intellectual capacity.
Babies, in addition to tenderness and love, bring included iron, folic acid, DHA and sessions of instrumental music from the womb. All this, wonderful in just the right measure, has come to enrich the development of the little ones. My mother says: “Today’s children are not like they used to be; those of today are more awake than ever ”.
If you have a baby four months or older, you may have noticed that he has more control of his head and trunk. At this age she already has better coordination between her vision and head movement. If he is shown a toy, he follows it with his eyes and waves his arms as a sign of wanting to reach it; If he cries and you talk to him from a distance, he will calm down and try to identify where the sound is coming from, he even manages to babble; spends more time alone and calm or fiddling with hands and feet.
Right at this stage we have to reinforce stimulation to achieve adequate visual-motor development, and for this, make the most of the best tool: your baby’s curiosity. I suggest that you continue with the stimulation that you have already been doing in the previous months, and that you also put into practice these new exercises that will enhance your baby’s capabilities:
1. Earth chest
Place your baby on his tummy, show him an eye-catching toy so that he tries to lift his head and make eye contact with the object; then place it on the bed, at a close distance from your baby. She will be agitated and will do her best to reach her. The goal is that at first you can reach out your hands to try to reach it, and that you keep your head upright. As he matures and has better control of his body he will be able to reach the toy. When it reaches the previous distance you should move the toy further and further away.
2. Vertical position
It is good to carry babies. Do not be afraid to accustom him to your arms, it is better to have him close to you than to give him independence when he does not need it yet. Hold him in your arms vertically, so that he supports his head; every time it will do better. As soon as you have better control of it, you can face it, your baby is curious and her whole perspective changes when she observes everything around her without being lying down.
3. Come to me
While the baby is lying on his back, wave your hands or clap your hands to get his attention; call her by name and invite her to come to you; Grab him by both arms and gently lift his torso so that he is sitting in a 45 ° position. Leave him like this for five seconds and lay him down again, as his back is not yet mature enough for him to sit by himself. As the baby gets used to this game, he will exert greater force on his abdomen and will redouble his efforts to get up and support himself. At around seven to eight months you will be able to stay seated.
While lying down, take one of his legs and help him pedal; Do 20 smooth, sharp reps on each leg. Then, let him pedal with both legs, while one goes up, the other goes down.
Put your baby on the bed, and teach him to roll over. If you are going to turn her to her right side, first place her right arm up, to the side of her head, so that when she moves it does not get in the way. Slowly turn him to the right side, while stretching his left arm so he knows that it can help him propel himself. Lay it upside down for five seconds and come back. Now do the same, but on the left side.
Hold the baby by putting both hands under his armpits, he should remain standing; His little fingers should touch the flat surface, when he feels it he will move them and try to take small steps forward. Do not allow him to carry his full weight, or keep him standing for long; ten seconds per exercise will be enough to develop your motor skills. However, it is not yet time for it to stand on its own.
7. Keep playing
It allows me to interact with toys that are of different sizes, textures and colors, because I can already take them, hold them, drop them and play “baby throws it, mom picks up”; let her do it, you can’t imagine how much this amuses her and favors her motor skills.
Remember that while you play with him and encourage him, you should speak tenderly to him, call him by his name, and even sing. If you touch his hands tell him that they are called “hands”, or “feet”, or “fingers”. If you are going to sit him down, say: “Sit down”, or if you are going to turn him, “Turn”. Remember that you already have a better command of your five senses and gradually you will want to increase the speed or intensity of the games. Every child is different, don’t rush him, let him decide the pace.
Oh, and one last tip: enjoy doing these exercises and games with your child, nothing is worth more than seeing him smile and grow with you.
For tips on stimulating babies from 0 to 4 months read this article.