The symptoms can be mistaken for a common flu, but it is a bacteria that can be very contagious. Find out what strep throat is.
A sore throat is an infection caused by a virus, which occurs especially in cold weather, where the tonsils or pharynx become inflamed, symptoms and discomfort usually disappear after three days, with home treatments. But there is a type of infection called streptococcal pharyngitis, bacterial caused by group A Streptococcus pyogenes, which causes more complications than simple pain, since it does not go away so easily.
This bacteria can cause pneumonia or serious infections in newborns. It also causes impetigo, erysipelas, and guttate psoriasis, all of which are skin infections. This type of pharyngitis is highly contagious, it is transmitted through coughing, sneezing, droplets of saliva, sharing cutlery or glasses, having hands contaminated by respiratory secretions. In general, children between 3 and 14 years old are the most contagious.
The bacteria can be asymptomatic, but the moment a person develops a viral respiratory infection it can become active; symptoms appear in the first 24 to 72 hours.
Sore throat, fever, headache, redness of the pharynx and tonsils, red and white plaques in the throat and pus, red dots on the roof of the mouth, swelling of the uvula (bell or uvula), difficulty swallowing, swelling of the lymph nodes and tender to the touch, pain in the lower back, discomfort throughout the body, loss of appetite, nausea, and sometimes a rash.
The symptoms can be confused with a common breath: sneezing, cough, hoarseness, conjunctivitis, diarrhea or ulcers in the mouth.
readBabies and Children: 15 Warning Signs That You Should Call the ER
Children are the ones most in need of antibiotic treatment, since they are serious, even fatal, causing damage to internal organs (kidneys and heart), scarlet fever (skin rash), rheumatic fever, neuropsychiatric disorders, abscess in the tonsils, pain of ears, sinusitis, among others.
What to do?
Avoid that your children consume vitamins in citrus juices such as orange, lemonade and others that can irritate their throat. It is necessary to go to a specialist for a physical examination and tests.
Treatment is with antibiotics that take effect in the first 12 to 24 hours, so as not to be contagious. It is important to know that you have to take all the medicine until the doctor prescribes it and not stop before, since it can reappear.
It is recommended to keep the area clean, separate the cutlery, plates and glasses from the rest and wash them with hot water to kill bacteria. Teach your child to cover his mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing. Wash your hands regularly, avoid contact with dirty towels, eat vegetables, fruits and drink a lot of water, throw away the toothbrush and replace it with a new one.
I share with you: Do you force your children to greet everyone with a kiss? Experts talk about the consequence
Remember that bacteria can infect the skin, so it is recommended to keep wounds or scratches clean and covered with a bandage, to avoid contagion.
Follow the instructions of your doctor and share the information!