You can even prevent infections if you only observe these details, especially in babies.
It is normal for young children to pass a lot of mucus all the time, because their immune systems are immature. The appearance of mucus is unpleasant, however, all parents should pay close attention to the color of the mucus, as it reveals different types of infections in the respiratory tract.
Mucus is the best defense against infections, because it protects children from external agents, such as viruses or bacteria, when the mucous membranes detect something strange in the environment, become irritated and begin to secrete mucus, to capture germs and expel them preventing them from entering the body and reproducing.
The immune system of children is just getting stronger, so it creates antibodies to prevent the entry of pathogens into the body, that is the explanation why they usually have more mucus than an adult. The function of mucus is to prevent and fight infections.
It is common for mucus to appear in excess type “allergies and not necessarily due to an infection, this is because the body classifies external agents as harmful, although in reality they are not, what it does is that the body triggers a reaction defensive producing mucus.
What does the color of snot say in the health of your little ones?
As shared in the Informant and other media, boogers are classified as:
1. Not abundant clear mucus
It is normal, which indicates that the immune system is working properly, since the nostrils act as a defense against particles suspended in the air.
2. Clear and abundant mucus
They are generally clear, transparent and liquid in color. They usually appear due to a disease such as allergic rhinitis or as a result of the flu. When snot does not usually change its characteristics over time, it is an allergy, unlike a cold, which over the days the snot change color and thickness.
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3. Yellow mucus
They indicate that there is an infection and that the immune system is working to prevent it from spreading. The body’s defenses collect pathogens to expel them, increasing their thickness and concentrating white blood cells, that is why the color changes from transparent to yellow with the passage of days. It usually appears after a cold.
4. Green snot
It is a clear sign of an infection, the green tone is not due to bacteria in the environment but to a virus. Green mucus is the result of the immune system’s battle to fight infection. It usually appears in the final stage of a cold, because the body sends white blood cells called neutrophils, these cells contain a greenish enzyme and in large quantities can convert mucus of the same color.
When the green mucus is clear it is an ear and sinus infection, it even appears with other symptoms such as congestion, fever and high blood pressure.
5. Orange mucus
Orange mucus and phlegm is related to a serious infection ; mucus that is passed out of the mouth when coughing or through the nose could be caused by pneumonia or a serious sinus infection.
Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs, which causes shortness of breath and severe cough, at first the mucus is yellow or brown in color, when the infection is not treated the mucus is usually accompanied by blood.
6. Bloody mucus
It is caused by infection, allergies, trauma, or other injuries. If the mucus has a small amount of blood there is no need to worry, however when it is in excess it is recommended to see a specialist since it can be pneumonia, tuberculosis or lung cancer.
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It is important to identify the type of mucus color to know how to act, when the volume of mucus increases or the color change is accompanied by other symptoms such as: fever, pain in the frontal or maxillary sinuses, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath , green and smelly mucus, it is time to see a specialist.