Knowing how to differentiate the reasons will help you prevent complications in your baby’s growth.
Many parents look forward to the moment when their baby takes its first steps, as it is a wonderful experience that will show that their little one will be independent. However, to achieve this, the baby has to learn to sit alone and stay in that position without any support, so it is important to stimulate him to crawl.
Around 6 and 9 months of age, the baby is ready to crawl and thus begin to walk, however, if your baby is not crawling yet, it is not necessarily a disease or abnormality. There is no scientific study that connects the lack of crawling with negative consequences, as published in State.com it is important for the baby to crawl, to form neural connections and thus develop brain skills.
According to Laura Raquel Martín Coarasa, an expert in neuropsychology, she says that the baby who does not crawl can present some problems at the level of motor, visual, tactile, vestibular or psychomotor development, or an immature neuropsychological development for his age. Therefore, these are some reasons why babies tend to delay when crawling are:
The structure of babies’ feet is cartilaginous, they have a pad of fat on the inner edge of the feet that hides the arch, which can make it difficult for them to crawl. Most babies are born with flat feet, this occurs because the bones and joints are flexible, however at six years of age the feet become less flexible developing the arches, as published in Healthy Children.org.
Remember that it is important to take it to a specialist to provide a diagnosis, usually they recommend the use of insoles, as well as walking barefoot on uneven terrain such as sand or walking on tiptoe and heels, in addition to making circular movements with the toes from the feet.
This is a birth defect, clubfoot means that one or both feet are pointed with the sole turned inwards, it happens because the tissues that connect the muscles are shorter than normal. It is a health problem that must be treated in time otherwise it can cause arthritis. But do not worry, there are many treatments in this regard, as well as specialists who will help your baby to correct the problem so that he can crawl and walk.
Usually the specialists use a series of endives and splints, which will be placed between one or two weeks after it is born, then you will have to visit the specialist once a week to change it, the doctor performs gentle movements and stretches of the foot, which will allow you to correct the position.
Some parents are often in a hurry for their baby to learn to walk faster, however, they stop stimulating them in the crawling phase. The experts warn that the movement of babies are essential for the proper development of the brain. For this reason, it is important to help them to crawl before walking, respecting the normal development of each stage, since there are parents who greatly encourage the baby to remain standing.
For example, it is recommended to encourage them to place toys far from their reach so that they can be interested in taking them, as well as playing with them and helping them to take the correct position. Letting the baby roll and strain on his own will help strengthen his muscles, making him crawl faster.
It is a common deformity in newborn babies, where the foot is seen with a curved or inward part. It is a deviation of the forefoot towards the midline, with a homogeneous curve. If the condition is mild, it will be corrected after 3 months, avoiding any problems for the baby to crawl.
The specialist will determine if the baby needs treatment, usually the problem is corrected naturally, when the feet are flexible, move and stretch easily. But when the foot is stiff, you may need stretching exercises, as well as possibly wearing a splint or orthopedic shoes, to keep the foot in the correct position.
- 5. Stiffness in muscle tone
The increased muscle tone in babies is reflected between 2 to 6 months, this will allow greater freedom of movement, to crawl, stand up and walk. If muscle tone is altered, it causes Devils hypotonia (decreased muscle tone), it is when the baby does not have the strength to lift her head and crawl, causing problems in her motor skills. The opposite of hypertonia (increased muscle tone) focused on the hands and feet, causing changes in their behavior such as stress.
What can you do to help your baby after taking him to a specialist?
Hypertonic muscle: The experts recommend breathing exercises, relaxing massage all over your body, making movements of all joints, usually placed the baby on a mat to move each limb, as well as stimulate sensory level with objects like sponges , toys with soft bristles, among others.
Hypotonia muscular: The experts, say that if the condition is mild, the only baby will require help from physiotherapists to work specific skills such as walking or sitting, as well as work on their fine motor skills, including pediatricians will help parents learn some therapies that they can do from home.
It is important that parents carefully observe the development of their baby, in order to have some timely treatment in case of any type of physical problem. Remember that crawling is important to stimulate the brain, so you must stimulate your baby to successfully complete that phase, as well as help him walk later.