10 Reasons Why Your Menstrual Period Is Late (and It’s Not Pregnancy)

Many are the factors why a woman may have amenorrhea. Know the causes to know what your case is

Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in women. Without being pregnant, you may experience delayed menstruation due to a number of factors. Knowing the causes can help us learn more about our body and not be alarmed in the first days of delay.

Pregnancy. It is the first thing that comes to mind when the days go by and the menstrual period does not arrive. However, you take the test and it gives you negative, what could the lack be due to then?

Types of amenorrhea

According to the Hormonal Health Network, the lack of menstrual period is called amenorrhea, and it is classified into two types: primary and secondary. It is primary, when a young woman up to 16 years of age has not yet had her first menstrual period, or 5 years have passed since the first signs of puberty. And it is secondary when the woman begins with her menstrual cycle normally, but it does not appear for 3 months or more.

Main causes of amenorrhea

If you have had your first period and have experienced the lack of it for some periods of time, you should know that pregnancy can be a cause, but it can also be due to other factors. Amenorrhea causes great concern in women, and if in doubt, a doctor should be consulted to assess the underlying causes.

The United States National Library of Medicine lists the following as possible causes of secondary amenorrhea:

1. Stress

Emotional distress, or excessive stress in daily life have a great influence on the delay of menstrual periods. According to the BBC, stress can not only delay menstruation but can alter the duration of it, and make periods more painful. Moderate breathing techniques and daily exercise can help you cope with daily stress and, depending on it, regulate menstrual periods.

2. Excessive physical exercise

The intensity of physical exercise can cause a hormonal imbalance and this could cause a lack of ovulation. It is healthy to exercise but without going to the extreme of altering the body’s natural balance.

3. Obesity

Extreme obesity can also unbalance the body and alter the brain functions that allow the arrival of menstruation each month.

4. Extreme thinness

When a woman’s weight is well below normal, estrogen levels may drop, resulting in missed menstrual periods. The periodic medical control and a balanced diet will allow to restore the organism.

5. Ovarian failure

The causes of ovarian failure range from immune problems to failure of some chromosomes. People who have had to undergo radiation or chemotherapy may also experience ovarian failure, leading to missed menstrual periods.

6. Polycystic ovary

It is one of the most frequent causes why women do not have their menstrual cycle on a regular basis. According to the Health site , this disorder consists of the presence of small cysts in the ovaries, and is usually accompanied by abundant hair, acne, and lack of ovulation.

7. Hyperthyroidism

A malfunctioning thyroid gland can cause your period to miss for weeks. Medication for this disorder can quickly solve the problem.

8. Age

Young girls usually present amenorrhea for a few weeks, even months, after their first menstruation, since their body is slowly adjusting to the great hormonal change. Also, those women who are approaching menopause may experience missed periods, or irregular periods, before the menopause itself.

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9. Irregularity

The menstrual cycle of a woman varies between 24 and 35 days. Many women naturally have 28-day periods, while menstruation occurs at 31 days the following month.

10. Some contraceptives

Not all contraceptives allow menstruation. Some pills, such as those used during breastfeeding, can cause complete lack of menstruation during prolonged taking of them. Other contraceptives, such as subdermal injectables or implants, can also make your period not present directly.

Other more specific causes

According to the Hormonal Health Network, there are more specific causes that cause bleeding not to occur.

  • Premature ovarian failure

  • Hypothalamic disorders

  • Pituitary gland disorders

  • Thyroid imbalance

  • Infection in the uterus

My test came back negative but …

My period did not come. Days passed and nothing. I took a pregnancy test and it also came back negative. Then, I started to worry, because it could be due to some health problem. I went to the gynecologist, who reassured me and gave me an order with some blood tests. Among what she asked me was the Sub Beta, which measures the level of the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone in the blood, which determines whether there is pregnancy.

Great was my surprise when the result was positive. I was pregnant. My periods did not come, and it was not a health problem, but the most beautiful gift that life gave me: my second child. Although pregnancy tests are highly effective, I had taken the test too early and it had come back negative. But the blood test did not fail.

If you experience a lack or delay in your menstrual period, see a doctor to rule out the factors that can cause it. Above all, try to lead a calm and healthy life. A good diet and regular exercise will put our body to work at ease to avoid and reduce hormonal imbalances.

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